The Making of Perfume

13 Oct

The Perfume Maker by Ernst Rodolphe

Perfume used to be made from only natural ingredients such as flowers, grasses and spices as well as animal products and oils that make the scent last longer by emitting the scent more slowly. Today there are a lot of synthetic perfumes that use chemicals made up in a lab to substitute for example the animal products.

The manufacturing process begins by bringing all the initial ingredients to the manufacturing center. There are several ways for the oils to be extracted from the plants which are steam distillation, solvent extraction, enfleurage, maceration, and expression (see image below).

When all the oils are collected they must be blend together. The person who determines the formula, which can include up to 800 different ingredients, is called the “nose”. After everything is blended, the oils can now be mixed with alcohol. Real perfumes have an oil percentage of 10-20, while eau de toilettes have a lower oil percentage and a higher alcohol percentage, which makes them a bit cheaper than perfumes. After everything is blended some perfumes are set aside to age from a couple months to a year. When the time is up, the “nose” will smell the perfume to ensure that it is the correct scent

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